To avoid soggy lower crust when baking pie, sprinkle sugar over lower crust before filling. Unbeaten egg white brushed over lower crust is also effective.
Bake two-crust pies in hot oven. Lower crust must bake quickly before filling soaks in.
Meringue will stand up high if a generous pinch of soda is added to beaten whites.
When ready to fill pumpkin (or custard) pie, place empty pie shell on oven rack and then pour in filling.